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Entry and exit to such a market are free.
This is a theoretical market situation where the competition is at its peak.
The firms don’t have price control, so they don’t have a pricing policy. The buyer or seller doesn’t have control over prices. Therefore, a seller has to accept prices determined by market supply and demand forces.
The product offered by all sellers is the same in all respect so that no firm can increase its price, and if a firm tries to increase the price, it will lose all its demand to the competitors.What is Monopolistic Competition?
Monopolistic competition has features of both the market structures, perfect competition, and monopoly. This kind of market structure is found in real life.
Firms are selling products with certain differences in quality, quantity, etc features, so firms have pricing control and pricing policies of firms in place.
Entry and exit into the industry are easy because of fewer barriers.
Product differentiation is one of the features of monopolistic competition, where products are differentiated based on quality or brand.
One of the differentiating parameters of monopolistic competition is it has a Highly elastic demand curve.
Just a few examples of monopolistic competition include:
Hardware/home improvement stores
Landscaping/lawn care services
Automotive service companies
Monopolistic competition is a practical example of a market scenario; it can be seen around us. Types of products or services provided by each market participant are differentiated. Products or services can be differentiated in many ways, such as brand recognition, product quality, value addition to products or services, or placement.Perfect Competition vs Monopolistic Competition (Infographics) Key Differences Between Perfect Competition vs Monopolistic Competition
Both Perfect Competitions vs Monopolistic Competition are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Difference Between Perfect Competition and Monopolistic Competition:
A market structure where numerous sellers sell close substitute goods/services to the buyers is monopolistic competition. A market structure where many sellers sell similar products/services to the buyers is perfect competition.
In perfect competition, the product offered is standardized, whereas, in monopolistic competition, product differentiation is there.
Every corporation offers things at its own pricing in monopolistic competition. In perfect competition, the demand and supply forces determine the price for the whole industry, and every firm sells its product at that price.
Entry and Exit are comparatively easy in perfect competition than in monopolistic competition.
In monopolistic competition, average revenue (AR) is greater than the marginal revenue (MR), i.e. to increase sales, the firm has to lower its price. On the other hand, the average revenue (AR) and marginal revenue (MR) curves coincide with each other in perfect competition.
Monopolistic competition exists practically. On the other hand, perfect competition is an imaginary situation that does not exist in reality.
The demand curve, as faced by a monopolistic competitor, is not flat but downward-sloping. This means that the monopolistic competitor can raise its price without losing all its customers or lower the price and gain more customers. Since there are substitutes, the demand curve facing a monopolistically competitive firm is more elastic than the perfect competition without substitutes. If a monopolist raises its price, some consumers will choose not to purchase its product—but they will need to buy a completely different product. However, when a monopolistic competitor raises its price, some consumers will choose not to purchase it. Still, others will choose to buy a similar product from another firm. If a monopolistic competitor raises its price, it will not lose as many customers as a monopoly-competitive firm. Still, it will lose more customers than would a monopoly that raised its prices.Perfect Competition vs Monopolistic Competition Comparison Table
Basis of Comparison
Number of sellers/buyers Many Many
Type of goods/services offered Homogeneous Differentiated
Does a firm have pricing control over their prices? No – Price Takers Yes – some pricing power
Is marketing/branding important? No Yes – Key non-price competition
Does this market structure lead to allocated efficiency in the long run? Yes, Price = MC
Does this market structure lead to production efficiency in the long run? Yes No
Situation Unrealistic Realistic
Demand curve slope Horizontal, perfectly elastic Downward-sloping, relatively elastic
A relation between Average Revenue (AR) and Marginal Revenue (MR) Average Revenue = Marginal RevenueConclusion
After reading all the above points, it is quite clear that perfect competition vs monopolistic competition is different in many aspects; the major difference can be understood by the fact monopolistic competition has features of both monopoly and perfect competition.
The principal difference between these two is that in the case of perfect competition, the firms are price takers, whereas, in monopolistic competition, the firms are price makers. Perfect competition is not realistic; it is a hypothetical situation; on the other hand, monopolistic competition is a practical scenario.Recommended Articles
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